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 New Jersey Septic Service Meeting all Your Excavating and Septic Needs
 

New Jersey Septic Service is a septic company, which provides many services for our customers and community. We install new septic systems from gravity flow to pump systems. We replace septic fields and pits.  We also install and replace new septic tanks, lids, septic tank baffles, D-boxes, broken pipes and septic pumps. In addition we offer septic system inspections. If you have excavating or septic questions and concerns call us, we will find and correct all of your concerns, quickly and professionally.


Three Basic Components of a In Ground Septic System

Septic Tank: A septic tank's purpose is to separate solids from the wastewater, store and partially decompose as much solid material as possible, while allowing the liquid (or effluent) to go to the drainfield.

Drainfield: After solids settle in the septic tank, the liquid wastewater (or effluent) is discharged to the drainfield, also known as an absorption or leach field.

Soil: The soil below the drainfield provides the final treatment and disposal of the septic tank effluent. After the wastewater has passed into the soil, organisms in the soil treat the effluent before it percolates downward and outward, eventually entering ground or surface water. The type of soil also impacts the effectiveness of the drainfield; for instance, clay soils may be too tight to allow much wastewater to pass through and gravelly soil may be too coarse to provide much treatment.

Other components of a In Ground Septic System

Sewer Line:  The sewer line, also called the main waste line, connects the home plumbing system to the septic tank. It gathers  the water that comes through the plumbing--from toilets, sinks, dishwashers and bathtubs--and directs it toward the rest of the septic system.

Septic Tank:  The septic tank, which is usually located not far from the foundation of the house, receives the waste from the sewer line. Its job is to retain the solid waste and grease from the sewer line. The solids, called sludge, sink to the bottom of the septic tank. A layer of grease floats at the top level of the tank. Baffles at the entrance and exit of the tank slow the flow of the liquid flowing through the tank.

Septic Lid: Concrete or Metal lid, covers the top of the septic tank.

Baffle: Keeps the solids from leaving the septic tank.

Riser: Is an extension between the tank and lid. This brings the lid closer to grade.

Effuent Distribution Pipes:  The word "effluent" is used to refer to the liquid wastewater. The effluent distribution pipes direct the liquid waste from the septic tank to the distribution boxes. Because the distribution pipes are spread out in different areas, there is a network of distribution pipes to direct the effluent into each one.

Distribution Box:  A septic distribution box is usually made of concrete or plastic. Its job is to make sure that the wastewater spreads out even more over the area. To do this, it contains a number of openings that house septic pipes, which spread the waste over a large area.

Leach System:  The leaching system, also called a drain field, is a system of trenches in permeable land. The land must pass a "perc" (percolation) test in order to ensure that it is permeable enough. The trenches are usually dug by a machine, such as a backhoe or trencher. The trenches are usually dug in the shape of a fork's tines, with the head of the fork represented by a distribution box.

Septic Pumps: Used when effluent needs to be pumped above the septic tank into a leech filed or pumped to a sewer line.


 

 

 

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